Louis XIV of France (Image: By Hyacinthe Rigaud/Public domain)
European History

The History of France: The Road to French Absolutism

December 1, 2017

Absolutism was a system of government in which all sovereignty resided with the king, true to Louis XIV’s dictum: “I am the state.” Particularly in France and Germany, the wars of religion had seriously weakened national governments and monarchies. Nobles had regained a great deal of power, peasants were in revolt, and there was really a great need for a political rebuilding of monarchies. […]

(Image: By Popartic/Shutterstock)
History

Military History: The Middle East in World War II

December 1, 2017

The role of the Middle East in World War II fundamentally altered Americans’ conception of the region. For the first time, U.S. officials saw the geopolitical orientation of the Middle East as vital to American national security—a view of the region that persists to this day. […]

American History

History of Latin America: The Rise of Latin American Nations

December 1, 2017

Latin America does not usually loom in world history as the source of one of the great traditions. It’s a borrower of forces and influences from other places that then merge with more local elements and traditions, but Latin America has had a varied and significant role in world history. […]

Egypt Luxor Temple. granite Statue of Ramesses II seated in front of columns (Image: CL-Medien/Shutterstock)
Ancient History

Religion in the Ancient Mediterranean World: Egyptian Pharaohs

December 1, 2017

Official Egyptian religious culture was centered on temple worship, and temple worship was always carried out in the name of the Egyptian Pharaohs. The concerns of official Egyptian religious culture were expressed in “cult”—that is, in actions of ritual worship. […]

"Battle of Assunpink."
American History

Famous Battles of The American Revolution: The Second Victory at Trenton

December 1, 2017

Washington’s surprise at Trenton threw the British occupation of New Jersey into a panic. Carl von Donop—who was in command of the outposts at Trenton, Burlington, and Bordentown—now imagined himself outmaneuvered and cut off by unseen Americans, and he ordered a pullback to Princeton, where he furiously began throwing up entrenchments. […]

global network and data exchanges over the world
History

Big History and The Modern Revolution: Humanity Enters the Modern Era

December 1, 2017

In the last millennium, the pace of change accelerated sharply and decisively. The isolation of the world zones was breached in the 16th century. Then, from 1700 on the pace of innovation began to accelerate so rapidly that, within just three centuries, the entire world had been transformed. […]

Old map of Italy
European History

The History of Italy: Unifying Italy’s City-States

December 1, 2017

Before Italy’s city-states were united under Victor Emmanuel II of the House of Savoy in 1861, Italy was, as Prince Clemens von Metternich said to Lord Palmerston, “merely a geographical expression.” […]

European History

The History of Portugal: The Dawn of a Seafaring Empire

December 1, 2017

The exploration and exploitation of Africa and Asia changed the economies, cultures, and political makeup of each of these regions forever. They also had important ramifications for the political and military power of European nations. And it all began with Portugal. […]

American History

Thomas Jefferson and the History of US Foreign Policy

December 1, 2017

Thomas Jefferson’s election to the presidency in 1800 would lead to a dramatic shift in U.S. foreign policy, and his ideas regarding landed expansion and its relationship to liberty would dominate domestic policy for more than a century. […]

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